Thursday, September 3, 2020

Senior Year – Memory Book

The last year of secondary school has now come. At the point when my parent's revealed to me that secondary school would fly by, they weren't joking. I never put a lot of thought into the way that secondary school is a minor four years of my life. When it's all said and done, it's not really whenever by any stretch of the imagination. In spite of the fact that It truly flew by, I have enough recollections to endure forever. I strolled through the entryways on my absolute first day of school as a green bean. I strolled into room 315 and plunked down in my first period class. It was world history and Mrs.. Francis was my educator. I plunked down, terrified, and hung tight for the ringer to ring.That first chime tone connoted the start of my secondary school vocation. My timetable was amazingly simple first semester. I had Foods, Business Management, Consumer De, Lunch, Gym, Warrior Warehouse, English and Algebra 2. I had some staggering educators, which included Mrs.. Tradeoff, Mr.. Ne t, Mrs.. Burr, Mrs.. Graph and Mr.. Insignificant. I have had a ton of fun and I cherished having every one of them. At the point when second semester moved around, It wasn't so natural. I just had four genuine classes, yet a couple of them were intense. My calendar came the lines of Foods, Government, College Com H, Lunch, CICS, Warrior Warehouse, Gym, and Algebra 2.This year I was fortunate enough to have Mrs.. Tradeoff, Mr.. Burr, Mrs.. Myers, Mr.. Hosking's and Mr.. Myrrh. They have been one astounding gathering of instructors. I gained such a great amount from all of them and I was unable to express gratitude toward them enough. The start of my senior year, I was approached to be in the warrior stockroom Instead of having an investigation lobby. Mr.. V called me down to his office and I was so terrified in light of the fact that I never at any point knew where his office was. He at that point requested that I be In there and I said yes. I was excited in light of the fact that I have consistently thought I was an extraordinary pioneer and realized that I had a full Job to take on.It was my duty to make ere I didn't allow anybody to take and when an issue happened I let Mr.. V know Immediately. It was such a respect, that he requested that I be In there and not to mention approach me again for the remainder of the year. Secondary school has been a passionate exciting ride for me. Eve kept awake until two a. M. Chipping away at assignments, crying over young men, and choosing what to wear for picture day. I have met and lost companions all through my four-year Journey, and I have changed more than I at any point figured I would. Be that as it may, the most significant piece of secondary school has been realizing who I am. As clich㠩â © as it might sound, secondary school is simply the spot whereI found. Eve prospered with my qualities and battled with my shortcomings. In spite of the fact that it was troublesome on occasion, and I needed to surrender regu larly, It was all justified, despite all the trouble. Secondary school has been loaded with insane occasions, From the SST. Baldric's day rallies to the four and a half hour ACT, it has been one essential excursion. T Off It appears as though just yesterday I was understanding Romeo and Juliet in Mr.. Rebecca English class. Presently, I am Just months from graduating and beginning my life. My grandpa once revealed to me that I would go through four years attempting to escape secondary school, and a mind-blowing remainder attempting to get back in.He was spot on. I figured secondary school would be a drag and I could never get out. Being Just months from graduating, I wish I could start from the very beginning. Despite the fact that it has been an unfathomably sensational and passionate Journey for me, I don't lament a solitary snapshot of my secondary school vocation. I have gotten the opportunity to meet some stunning understudies and instructors. I have drifted through classes, an d I have been pushed as far as possible. I discovered that learning has no limits and the things I learn in school will become possibly the most important factor sometime down the road. I Just wish I had taken one moment to stop and glance around. Secondary school truly flew by.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Things to Consider When Writing a College Essay

Things to Consider When Writing a College EssayCollege essays can be difficult, but are just as difficult if you don't know what to write about. No matter how much preparation you do beforehand, an assignment handed to you that doesn't address what you need to say will make writing one of the most unpleasant experiences in your life. You will get better results if you give yourself some time to prepare and make a list of what topics are important for your essay.The first thing to do before writing a particular essay is to think about the topic. You may want to take a look at previous essay topics or speak with someone who has already written about this subject. This will give you ideas on what type of topics would be appropriate for this type of essay. It may also help to consider what writing style is appropriate for this type of essay and why.Writing down possible topics, or even simply going online and checking out some websites will help you make up your mind. Once you've decided on topics, write about them using different styles, and it is important to be clear about what kind of essay you're looking for. It's important to think carefully about what your essay will contain and keep it short and simple.If you want to ensure that your writing is error free, you'll want to choose a good college essay topic that hasn't been done before. This will require a great deal of work and skill. Many writers have trouble coming up with new topics for college assignments, and they often think of a topic they'd like to write about and then forget about it.When writing, it's important to not focus too much on the learning curve. Think about what your subject is and then see if you can write about it in a way that isn't boring. Have fun and try to write about different topics so that you can find what you enjoy writing about. This will allow you to move beyond your boredom quickly. If you are writing about an essay topic that is already popular, you'll want to stick to your topic rather than rewrite the topic. One of the hardest parts of writing a college essay is coming up with an interesting topic. By having a familiar topic and adding something new to it, you can come up with a new idea that is original.No matter what essay you are doing, it is important to have a professional to proofread all of your work before it is sent off to a university or college. Proofreading should be taken very seriously. You never know what mistakes you may have made and having your essay reviewed by professionals can help you catch these mistakes and fix them before anyone ever sees your assignment.When writing a college essay, you will want to be careful to stay clear of plagiarism. While there are many rules of grammar that exist, plagiarism is when you take a piece of another writer's work and turn it into your own. This is usually frowned upon, and even if it's not, it can cause embarrassment. Be sure to follow all of the rules of writing a good essay and try to av oid using someone else's ideas in your essay.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Learning, Training and Development Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Picking up, Training and Development - Essay Example The paper depicts singular learning. The individual additions self-improvement which he/she uses to upgrade execution and create profession. Sadler-Smith recognizes different hypotheses that support learning at an individual level. These comprise of: subjective, behaviorist, social learning, and arranged learning hypotheses. The psychological hypothesis suggests that an individual secures information and critical thinking abilities that he/she moves to new ordinary employments through mental procedures. The behaviorist hypothesis by Ivan Pavlov, Skinner and J.B Watson sees learning as a response to improvements and people vary in their pace of learning. The social learning hypothesis by Bandura underlines learning through understanding since people can't depend on their own activities as it were. They learn by watching others and possibly exhibit the educated conduct when they anticipate a prize. Harri-Augstein and Thomas differ that learning is ‘a conversational development, r ecreation and trade of by and by huge, important and reasonable implications with mindfulness and controlled purpossiveness’. The language of exchange utilized in the discussion is in type of inside manners of thinking and outside procedures of correspondence with others which prompts deliberate enquiry and change in mental models. The job of preparing professionals is in this way to encourage the procedure of exchange and enquiry. Gathering learning happens because of aggregate individual learning. ... The behaviorist hypothesis by Ivan Pavlov, Skinner and J.B Watson sees learning as a response to improvements and people contrast in their pace of learning. The social learning hypothesis by Bandura accentuates learning through understanding since people can't depend on their own activities as it were. They learn by watching others and possibly show the educated conduct when they anticipate a prize. Harri-Augstein and Thomas (1991) contend that learning is ‘a conversational development, remaking and trade of by and by noteworthy, important and suitable implications with mindfulness and controlled purpossiveness’ (329). The language of exchange utilized in the discussion is in type of inward points of view and outer procedures of correspondence with others which prompts deliberate enquiry and change in mental models. The job of preparing professionals is accordingly to encourage the procedure of exchange and enquiry. Gathering (Team) Learning Group learning happens becaus e of aggregate individual learning. Sadler-Smith (2006) contends that learning happens inside a social structure of interest henceforth the need to learn as a gathering and work all in all to accomplish a typical target. Since, representatives gain from one another in the gathering, the gathering ought to involve people with various aptitudes and are eager to impart information to different individuals (Fenwick, 2008). The groups ought to be submitted, communitarian, and have great relational abilities. Be that as it may, the administration has the job to keep the gatherings roused to pick up responsibility and accomplishment by giving input, perceiving and remunerating execution and letting the gathering plan its destinations.

Sunday, June 7, 2020

Who Are You, Anne with an E Naming in Anne of Green Gables - Literature Essay Samples

A name is an intrinsic characteristic of an object: that is, a name represents the object and explains it most implicitly. This is the reason why people tell their names first when they introduce themselves, get little bit upset when their names are called in a wrong way, and decide a baby’s name carefully. Furthermore, the study of naming, which believes that name decides one’s entire life, is activated in Eastern countries. Here is a girl who puts emphasis on name as much as scholars of this study: the little orphan girl, Anne Shirley, who turns naming into one of the central issues in the novel that bears her name, Anne of Green Gables. Through out the whole book, Anne puts strong stress on naming. She wants her own name to be different, puts special names on all the beautiful things like road, lake, geranium, cherry tree, pond, forest, and etc, and avoids calling the name of her competitor. Indeed, there are two main reasons that Anne emphasizes naming so much, and how these affects Anne’s behavior and the novel. First, Anne identifies the name with the object, and tries to change viewpoints through naming. She says to Marilla, â€Å"I read in a book once that a rose by any other name would smell as sweet, but I’ve never been able to believe it. I don’t believe a rose would be as nice if it was called a thistle or a skunk cabbage† (38). To Anne, if name changes, her perspective on the object changes accordingly, even though the object remains the same. That is, name is more important than any other thing to Anne in defining the object. This means that she could change her viewpoints through changing name romantically. This is the main reason why she sticks to her name. At the first meeting with Anne and Marilla, she implores to Marilla, â€Å"Will you please call me Cordelia? [] but oh, please do call me Cordelia. [] But if you call me Anne please call me Anne with an e† (24, 25; emphasis added). Also, when Mr. Phillips spells her name without an e, she says, â€Å"The iron has entered into my soul† (113). To Anne, a mere letter, which has no affect on pronunciation, is so significant, because: â€Å"When you hear a name pronounced can’t you always see it in your mind, just as if it was printed out? I can; and A-n-n looks dreadful, but A-n-n-e looks so much distinguished† (25). In other words, it is so important for her name to be distinguished, as Anne wants to be â€Å"divinely beautiful† and believes that the perspective on the objects changes according to its name (17). Thus, she is trying to view objects more romantically, through changing name which is identical with the object. Second, naming shows her affection about others and how her harsher life than others affected Anne. In fact, others also know that name is somewhat important. People want to have a good name, and enterprises decide their name carefully. However, they do not emphasize naming as much as Anne. An ordinary person would just name the road ‘the Avenue’ rather than ‘the White Way of Delight.’ She or he would not give special name to all of the road, lake, geranium, cherry tree, pond, forest, and etc, even though they are so beautiful. What makes this difference is thoughtful attitude resulted from her hard life as an orphan girl. First of all, keep in mind that naming shows affection and interests toward the object that one likes. Imagine how parents would feel when they decide the name of their dear baby. They would be very thrilled and happy, hoping that they could find the best name for their baby. This is how Anne feels when she gives name to â€Å"fascinating† things. When she ponders on the name that exactly fits with the object, she cares about the object so much that the process of naming â€Å"crowd[s] other things out† (121). Through the process, she puts her best efforts that she refuses the name that â€Å"Anybody can think of† (106). When she finds one through that process, she knows that it â€Å"is the right name for it†, as she feels like this: â€Å"When I hit on a name that suits exactly it gives me a thrill† (19). That is, her continuous naming is resulted from affection and the thrill she feels. Then, why does Anne show affection on so many beautiful things so much more than others? Before coming to Avonlea, Anne lived a life that Marilla expressed as â€Å"a life of drudgery and poverty and neglect† (41). She does not want others to go through these hardships like her. For example, she does not want to forget even imaginary friends as â€Å"They would feel so hurt if I [forgot] and I’d hate to hurt anybody’s feelings, even a little bookcase girl’s or a little echo girl’s† (61). Also, she says, â€Å"when I am grown up, I’m always going to talk to little girls as if they were, too, and I’ll never laugh when they use big words. I know from sorrowful experience how that hurts one’s feelings† (146, 147; emphasis added). This thoughtful attitude is resulted from her own history which was harsher than others. Now, here’s how this attitude is connected with naming. The opposite thing of affection is being disregarded. As naming shows affection, she thinks that it is neglecting the object not to give name that fits with it. Thus she tries to give names to many objects, especially beautiful things. For example, when she sees ‘the Avenue’, she says, â€Å"they shouldn’t call that lovely place the Avenue. There is no meaning in a name like that† (18). That is, she tries to show affection about objects, whose values are neglected by others, by giving name. Furthermore, this is also the very reason why she does not want to say name of Gilbert-to show disregard and no affection intentionally. On the contrary, that she calls Gilbert’s name after forgiving him shows that she started to respect and like Gilbert. Thus, naming is a tool for Anne to express her considerate mind formed through harsh past. Naming plays the role of showing who Anne is implicitly and more clearly. If Anne did not care about naming, it would have been harder to find out how Anne tries to view the world hopefully and romantically. That is, making Anne regard naming importantly is a method to emphasize the theme of the novel. That Anne would find romance in her life and be thoughtful even if life is so harsh carries the message that the reader, too can assert individuality, even through a task as simple as naming.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Anita Desai s Fire On The Mountain - 1627 Words

This paper examines the way in which Anita Desai’s novel Fire On The Mountain deals with highly topical issues of the current century. The ecofeminist reading of the present novel outlines the postcolonial condition of the Indian women and the environment in terms of both activism and fiction. Through feminizing nature and naturalizing female, Desai aims at voicing against the ideology which authorizes the exploitation and subjugation of women and environment on the basis of class, gender, race and ethnicity. I also argue that the ambivalent relationship between the women and the environment leads to disputing dualism of nature/culture identity and yet straddling the grey area between these two binaries which allows them to be used as a tool only in the hands of patriarchy for its benefit leading the exploitation and subjugation of women. In the novel Fire On The Mountain (1977) Nanda Kaul, the protagonist is the wife of vice-chancellor but a passive sufferer who strive s for her freedom from silent miseries, agony and helplessness from the problems of day to day’s life and seeks her freedom in Kasauli at the later stage of her life. Her great grand daughter Raka; also a victim of her parent’s complex marital staus;comes to live with Nanda. Ila Das, a spinster and Nanda’s childhood friend is the epitome of the gender biasness and class consciousness.All the female characters seek their alliance with the forest of carignano to heal their sufferings but at the end of theShow MoreRelatedAnita Desai : An Indian Novelist2023 Words   |  9 Pages Chapter-1 Introduction Anita Desai is one of India s foremost writers. She is an Indian novelist, short-story writer and children s author. Winner of the Sahitya Akademi Award and Guardian Children s Fiction Prize, Desai has authored as many as sixteen works of fiction, some of the best ones being Fasting, Feasting , The Village By The Sea , In Custody , and Clear Light ofRead MoreThe Great Deal Of Poetry1790 Words   |  8 PagesBhattacharya, Manohar Malgonkar, Khushwant Singh, Balachandra Rajan, Kamala mark Andaya and Anita Desai. All these novelists and many more, have considerably enriched Indo-Anglican fiction. Anita Desai began to write in English at the age of seven and published her first story at the age of nine. Several short stories were written by her regularly even before her marriage. As a novelist Desai made her debut in 1963 with the novel Cry, the Peacock. It was published in Britain by PeterRead MoreMajor Works of Anita Desai, the Indian Novelist2230 Words   |  9 PagesMajor Works of Anita Desai, the Indian Novelist Most of Desais works engage the complexities of modern Indian culture from a feminine perspective while highlighting the female Indian predicament of maintaining self-identity as an individual woman. Cry, the Peacock, Desais first novel, chronicles the morbid dread, descent into madness, and suicide of Maya, a young Delhi housewife who is trapped in a loveless, arranged marriage to the much older Gautama, a misogynistic lawyer. The novel foreshadowsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Cry, The Peacock Essay1815 Words   |  8 PagesAnitaMazumdar Desai was conceived in Mussoorie in1937. She was granted Sahitya Academy Award by Sahitya Academy for her novel Fire on the Mountain in 1978. She won the Brooker prize three times and the British Gaurdian prize for The Village by the Sea. Anita Desai is among the Anglo Indian Novelist and a women s activist author. A women s activist tries to see just the concealment, persecution, bad form and savageries did to the ladies however Anita Desai does not waver to call attention to theRead MoreAnalysis Of Kashmira Sheth s Keeping Corner, Mira And Pemala1651 Words   |  7 Pageswhen the woman starts thinking and questioning the codes of conduct laid down by society, especially a patriarchal one. This thinking and questioning attitude can start right from the woman s childhood, persist through adulthood, that is, marriage and motherhood, and become a mature understanding of one s individuality leading to an integrated, whole personality. Once they have succeeded in the quest, and found their true selves, they are at peace with themselves and with the world. They becomeRead MoreLiterature : A New Realm Of Understanding Of Human Nature And Behavior1761 Words   |  8 Pagesartistic works that fall within a certain central theme; examples of genre include Romance, Mystery, Crime, Fantasy, Erotica, and Adventure. Indo-Anglican novel begins with K.S.Ventkataramani s kandan the patriot (1935) and MulkRaj Anand s Untouchable (1935) and Coolie (1936). Raja Rao s Kanthapura is Indian terms of its story telling qualities Rabindranath Tagore wrote in Bengali and Mukerji was the first Indian author to win a literary award in the united-fiction is best knownRead MoreChildren’s Literature in India Essay1893 Words   |  8 Pagesspontaneous, allowing absurdities of all kinds to exist. Their horizons are fleeting, giving space to dragons, fairies, elves, wizards, goblins and unicorns, to rabbits that talk and broomsticks that fly. Their sense of adventurism make them scale mountains, drink potions that do wonders and imagine frogs that turn into princes. Their world is the world of pure innocent fun. And their literature is as a colour-riot as their world. Perceived as adults in the making, their books deal also with the issuesRead MoreIndian English Novel17483 Words   |   70 Pagescontemporary touch with the coming of Mulk Raj Anand, Raja Rao and R.K.Narayan. The social disparity of India which was aptly described by Mulk Raj Anand in his Coolie, the imaginary village life with its entire unedited realities in R.K. Narayan`s Malgudi Days and last but not the least the aura of Gandhism depicted by Raja Rao in his remarkable novel Kanthapura portrayed a whole new India. The need of the `foreigners` depicting India amidst their write ups was not needed as Indians wantedRead MoreHemp Cultivation in China42289 Words   |  170 PagesProvince, Peoples Republic of China. Journal of the International Hemp Association 2(2): 57, 60-65. This paper summarizes the history of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivation and traditional use in the Tai an District of Shandong Province in the People s Republic of China, and investigates the cultivation and processing techniques currently being employed to produce hemp ribbon and hemp seed. Recent production levels and marke t conditions are reviewed. Comparisons with Hungarian hemp cultivation and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

History Is Written By The Victors Essay - 1382 Words

â€Å"History is written by the victors† aptly describes the inconsistency between the indigenous people’ and the European newcomers’ recounts of the American settler-colonialism period from the 16th to 19th century. To the Spanish and other European powers their presence in the New World had transformed the ecology and social dynamics for the better. However, through the lens of the Native Americans, there lies a different portrayal of the European influence: the foreigners brought a wave of negative events. Even though the colonists introduced new technology for warfare, hunting, and transportation and a plethora of domesticated animals to the natives, they also ushered a phase of epidemics, mass murder, and relocation. Whether it was indigenous people seeking independence from or assimilating into the new sovereignty, America’s natives were ultimately eliminated either physically or culturally. Defining elimination, Patrick Wolfe states that â€Å"inva sion is recognized as a structure rather than an event† because it can establish its intention as â€Å"structural genocide† (Wolfe, 402). Actions such as burning villages and pillaging when the members of the pueblos would not offer food and supplies as tribute were some of the many examples of European settlers justifying their undertakings for nonsensical reasons. Those who chose to acculturate into the dominating power found themselves losing their entire identities: the names of places and language all were replaced with EuropeanShow MoreRelatedHistory : Genghis Khan, Julius Caesar, And Alexander The Great919 Words   |  4 Pageshroughout history, Genghis Khan, Julius Caesar, and Alexander the Great are successful conquerors in history. Genghis Khan a tyrant and a bloodthirsty villain during his period he conquered more territory than any other leader in history. Julius Caesar a great general that ever lived, he also knew how to elevate money for festivals and gi fts. Lastly, Alexander the Great is a person who conquered many territories, had a large empire, formed the Hellenistic culture, and became very successful. E.HRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 843 Words   |  4 PagesThe Wretch Frankenstein is a novel written by English author Mary Shelley about a peculiar scientist named Victor Frankenstein. Victor, who is a scientist endeavoring to make history, engenders a monstrous but attentive creature in an eccentric scientific experiment. The monster that he engenders faces abnegation and fear from his creator and society. The monster is the worst kind of scientific experiment gone awry. The creature has compassion for society but additionally wants to take revenge onRead MoreSmoke Signals: the Importance of Oral Tradition in Native Culture997 Words   |  4 Pagesfondness for intimate storytelling, strongly represents the Native culture of the Oral Tradition, whereas Victor, however part of the Native culture himself, doesn’t fully embrace this practice, and is reluctant to engage in verbally sharing his feelings and memories of his father. As Tonto and the Lone Ranger set out on a journey to Arizona, two strangers in a land of Written Tradition, Victor mus t learn to accept the Oral Tradition as his own, as well as begin to understand his father’s unconditionalRead MoreAnalysis Of George Orwell s Pigs And The Party 1562 Words   |  7 PagesWinston Churchill once said, â€Å"History is written by the victors.† This means that victors ultimately document history and have jurisdiction over it. They control the past, present, and the future, establishing their accounts of â€Å"history†. In 1984 by George Orwell, Oceania and the Party is the victor and have absolute power over history. The totalitarian government authorizes practically everything and manipulates the citizens to the most extreme level. From psychological manipulation to NewspeakRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 966 Words   |  4 Pagesthe ideals proposed in Frankenstein, written in the late nineteenth century by Mary Shelley, can be applied to modern day practices. She proposes that an abundance of knowledge and technology can be threatening to individuals and all of humanity if used incorrectly. Shelley s novel provided society with philosophical insight of the impact of morally questionable scientific and technological research. The popular belief of how Frankenstein came to be written is explained in the introduction to theRead MoreWarning Of The Dangers Of Science Or Suggestion That The Human1309 Words   |  6 Pagesdiscover solutions for problems; humankind is truly one of a kind. This distinctive quality grants humanity the ability to innovate, improve on what already exists, and create completely new things. In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein the main character Victor Frankenstein does just that, by creating his monster. Delving into the pages of Frankenstein one can discover many underlying themes such as science and morality, true monstrosity, and human thirst for discovery. Over the years many have posed theRead MoreMary Shelley s Frankenstein - Romanticism And Enlightenment1233 Words   |  5 PagesMary Shelley’s Frankenstein is a true literary masterpiece and one of the best horror novels ever written. The book also allows for us to get a glimpse into the nineteenth century world and the society in which this novel was written in. Like most novels, Frankenstein was deeply influenced by the society in which it was written in. Ideas such as romanticism and post enlightenment are seen throughout the work and have a great impact upon the book. Now the story of Frankenstein is legendary and everyoneRead MoreThe Victorian Era1706 Words   |  7 PagesThroughout history, cultures and societies across the globe have used monsters or any sort of creature to exemplify anxieties and fears that they have. The same can be said for works of literature and art. These authors use these anxieties, personify them, and use them to exaggerate the fears of the readers. In short, the monsters/creatures that are created in each literary era depict and personify the biggest fears and viewpoints of the society that it was written in. In the case of the Victorian/RomanticRead MoreMonsters within a Young Girl’s Mind: Frankenstein by Mary Shelley1379 Words   |  6 Pagesbliss. O n Eric McMillan’s website, The Greatest Literature of All Time: the commentary on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein shows criticism. Though Eric states at the beginning, â€Å"that the novel only had three things going for it and that it was very poorly written† (McMillan). Furthermore, that it is, â€Å"unfortunately, the moral that readers and critics have taken from the story—and which Shelley clearly intends—is that expressed by Frankenstein: Knowledge is dangerous; ignorance is bliss† (McMillan). In theRead MoreA Comparison Of The Short Story In Smoke Signals1244 Words   |  5 Pagesnot going to follow The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven in quite the way that I originally expected. I do not think that this was a terrible thing. While the novel itself was made up of short stories, Smoke Signals focused primarily on Victor and Thomas’s trip to Arizona. Following their trip to retrieve Victor’s father made the film alm ost entirely different from the novel, but the film directors did a wonderful job ensuring that the message behind the film, as well as the native culture

Consider how far the work of scholars has helped give an understanding of religious experience free essay sample

In a study of 2,500 Finns, one in three (37%) said they had received help from God (Church Research Centre, 2001). Whatever you call this kind of encounter, it would be very difficult to even begin to discuss it at all without a language code to do so. Through â€Å"The Varieties of Religious Experience†, William James gave scholars a framework through which to discourse on religious experience. For example, one of James’ four characteristics of a mystical experience is ineffability, that Paul the Apostle’s religious experience transcends language. However, Pahnke’s features disagree. Alleged ineffability seems far more accurate, as Paul did speak of his experiences, using metaphor to share his conversion story through his epistles. Though the language has helped us to have a more tangible grasp on religious experiences, if those experiences were truly as ineffable as the characteristics claim, we would not be able to speak of them at all. We will write a custom essay sample on Consider how far the work of scholars has helped give an understanding of religious experience or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The largest problem with the variety of scholarly definitions is just that, the variety. A discourse between the intimate differences that arise in religious experience provides the topic with a larger context, but it has reached the point of pure self involvement. The language seems more important than its use. The story of the blind men and the elephant, present in Jain, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sufi writings summarises the problem with the language of religious experience. The men are so concerned with talking about what part of the elephant they are holding that they do not see the elephant for what it actually is. Terms like ineffability, noetic quality, transciency, and passivity are defining religious experience into being something specific, rather than capturing its range. Scholarly definitions work in the metaphysical, and accounts of religious experience hardly qualify as empirical evidence. Verificationists like the early Wittgenstein disregard a priori knowledge. Though religious experiences like Saint Bernadette at Lourdes have been â€Å"verified† by the Catholic church, their process for evaluation cannot exactly be called scientific. Private revelations are assessed by clergy and bishops before the Catholic church will give them liturgical recognition, but these men are the link with which we receive God, so there is no stand that could possibly be made against them. The later Wittgenstein would say, however, that the language games of â€Å"religion† and those of â€Å"science† can exist within their own parameters. The way that the Catholic church recognises religious experiences is not scientific, but it sits within its own language game. Even so, an unfalsifiable claim based in metaphysics is hard to place any importance on, as the language required to retell it changes the experience itself. Wittgenstein had another argument, that of â€Å"private language†. Private religious experiences that happen to a single individual, like Sundar Singh’s vision of Jesus, are impossible to recount because they exist in a separate language, not because they are ineffable. A private language is not coherent because it only exists in one person, so we cannot use James’ (or Happold, Otto, or Panhke’s) classification of religious experience to describe it. The only language we can use is our own individual one, and that is not something we can ever share. Some religious experiences happen to multiple people, though. For example, other people were present during Paul’s mystical experience. His travelling companions â€Å"saw the light but did not hear the sound,† but even then, they would all remember the experience differently between those who were present. As well as individual interpretation of events, there is a clear cultural influence. When surgeon Pierre Barbet concluded that a more likely place for nails to be located during crucifixion was in the wrists, the location of alleged stigmatas changed. By simply changing the definition, subsequent religious experiences were altered. Nothing is ever clearly passive due to primary and secondary socialisation. The existence of things in our unconscious, according to Freudian psychology, can lead them to manifest in other ways, so passivity can be seen as nothing more than an illusion. The language that scholars has given us to describe religious experience made it possible for discourse to be had, but is problematic in its usage. As these definitions have become more culturally important they have transcended the purpose of language, which is to retell experience. Instead, we are left with an unclear image of what a religious experience actually is, because it will not fit into the guidelines that have been drawn up.